Unit 2 Estonian Consentration camps



 In Estonian area, there were about 120 camps that worked from several weeks to a year and had in average some tens to some thousand detainees. The most important concentration camps were in Vaivara, Kiviõli, Klooga and Ereda.

 The first time that foreign detainees were sent to Estonia by German authorities was in September 1942. That time about 1000 Czech Jews were brought to Estonia. Most of them were sent to Jägala’s concentration camp.  From more than 2000 Jews who were brought to Estonia during 1942 estimably 74 survived the war.
 There were basicly detainees of Lithuanian origin in Vaivara’s concentration camp. All in all about 10 000 Jews were brought there.
 On 15th May 1944 one echelon (so-called convoy nr 73) with 878 men on board was brought from France, Drancy’s concentration camp to Kaunas and some of them (according to the data of Tallinn’s central prison 300) reached to Tallinn.
By 1st September 1944 when German army retreated from Tallinn to Stutthof, 34 of them had remained alive.

 By the end of 1944 more than 1500 Jews had been killed in Estonian concentration camps. Many Jews that had been brought to Estonia were also taken to concentration camps in other countries where they were killed.



   Concentration camps

 Jägala camp: In 1942 German authorities sent 2000-2100 Jewry near to Tallinn, to Jägala concentration camp. They were from Germany and Czechoslovakia. Formally the camp was called work and education camp. 1600 Jewry were killed  on the first day, before making it to the camp. The others were killed after some time. Only 74 prisoners survived.

 Vaivara camp: Vaivara camp was a set of concentration camps. At first there were 3 different camps in Vaivara with 3300 prisoners. By the end there were 20 with 10 000 prisoners. The Jewry came basically from Lithuania. About 1500 persons died because of  the harsh conditions, other 1500 were sent to different camps where they were killed. There were two massacres in Vaivara camp in Klooga and Lagedi. Over 2000 prisoners were killed.








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